Animal Species:Short-tail Pipefish, Microphis brachyurus (Bleeker, 1853)
The Short-tail Pipefish has a very long slender snout. It occurs in tropical waters throughout the Indo-Pacific region.
Standard Common Name
Short-tail River Pipefish
The Short-tail Pipefish has a very long slender snout with small white spots and blotches. The body is brown or greenish above and pale below. There are very small white spots on the body and a dark line through both eyes.
It grows to 22cm in length.
The species occurs in tropical waters throughout the Indo-Pacific region.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
Juveniles have been collected from offshore marine waters and in harbours. Adults and juveniles have been collected from estuaries, freshwater streams and rivers. The species has a marine larval stage.
Mating and reproduction
Mature male Short-tail Pipefish carry the eggs in a brood pouch on the ventral surface of the body. Large males can carry several hundred eggs.
- Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & M. Allen. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 394.
- Dawson, C.E. 1984. Revision of the genus Microphis Kaup (Pisces: Syngnathidae).
Bulletinof Marine Science. 35(2):117-181.
- Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. Pp. 230.
- Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Seahorses, Pipefishes and their Relatives. A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing Pp. 240
- Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen & J.E. Hanley. 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia Vol.7 Pisces Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Survey. Pp. i-xii, 1-665.